Anatomy 101: From Muscles and Bones to Organs and Systems, by Kevin Langford

By Kevin Langford

An all-in-one consultant to the human physique!

Anatomy 101 deals a thrilling inspect the internal workings of the human physique. Too usually, textbooks flip the interesting structures, procedures, and figures of anatomy into tedious discourse that even Leonardo Da Vinci may reject. This easy-to-read consultant cuts out the uninteresting information, and as an alternative, will give you a compelling lesson in anatomy.

Covering each point of anatomical improvement and body structure, every one bankruptcy information the various elements of the human physique, how structures are shaped, and problems that may disrupt physically services. You'll resolve the mysteries of anatomy with special, obtainable components like:

• exact charts of every approach within the body
• Illustrations of move sections
• distinctive profiles of the main influential figures in scientific history

From telephone chemistry to the respiration method, Anatomy 101 is full of 1000's of wonderful evidence that you simply can't get wherever else!

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Extra info for Anatomy 101: From Muscles and Bones to Organs and Systems, Your Guide to How the Human Body Works (Adams 101)

Example text

On the other hand, referees— at least in the ideal world— are unaffected by the outcomes of games. Their happiness or wealth should not depend on which team wins. Likewise, enzymes emerge unscathed at the end of a reaction, returning to their original forms, ready to catalyze another reaction. Finally, good officials do not influence the outcome of games by playing favorites, in the same way that enzymes do not establish which way a reaction proceeds. Creatine kinase can convert ADP and creatine phosphate to ATP and creatine, or catalyze the reverse reaction of ATP and creatine to ADP and creatine phosphate.

This contortion brings opposing charges on separate loops together, and their attraction latches the loops over the active site. Amino acids near the reactants move too. 12 At the start of a sprint, the movements of muscle creatine kinase molecules resemble those of calf muscles. While the calf contracts and relaxes, creatine kinase clasps ADP and creatine phosphate into its active site, and then opens to release ATP and creatine. But one difference is the speed of these cycles. Creatine kinase catalyzes hundreds of reactions in the same time it takes a calf muscle to contract and relax.

During exercise, we convert chemical energy to physical work. Chemical energy ultimately comes from the foods we eat: people transform pasta and pancakes into chest presses and pole vaults. Inside muscle cells, the same conversions happen at much smaller scales: the protein myosin burns chemical energy, generating mechanical force. But three obstacles prevent myosin from directly using food energy. First, we typically eat only a few times a day, so food energy must be stored after meals and mobilized when needed.

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