By Harrell R. Rodgers
This re-creation of yankee Poverty in a brand new period of Reform offers a complete exam of the level, reasons, results, and prices of yankee poverty approximately ten years after the passage of the non-public accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. the writer contains the most up-tp-date on hand demographic, funds, review, and application information to judge the impression of this sweeping laws on federal and kingdom regulations, in addition to on poverty populations. This revised version takes under consideration the industrial slowdown that happened in 2001 via 2003. It examines the nation judgements approximately the best way to enforce PRWORA, and the way adjustments have affected the poverty inhabitants and total welfare process. the writer identifies the optimistic implications of welfare reform besides difficulties that needs to be addressed. New good points for this variation comprise an appendix of web resources a state-by-state tables of poverty charges.
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Additional resources for American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform
About 71 percent of all poor live in families, with some family types being much more vulnerable to poverty. The poverty rate for marriedcouple families is rather modest. 4 percent of all marriedcouple families were poor. These families, of course, are more economically viable because there is generally at least one full-time worker, and they are better situated to handle and share responsibility for children. By contrast, single parents are often challenged to balance work with child care and all the other responsibilities associated with running a household.
In 2001 the median income for non-Hispanic white men was $31,791; for black men, $21,466; and for Hispanic men, $20,189 (Bureau of the Census, 2004c, Historical Income Tables, table P-2). If men work full time year round, incomes improve significantly, but are still on average rather low for minority men. With full-time, year-around employment, non-Hispanic white men had median earnings of $43,194, black men, $31,921, and Hispanic men, $25,271 (tables P-36 B, C, D, E). Additionally, many men, especially minorities, undergo lengthy periods of unemployment.
Single-parent households within that group. Compounding these economic problems, divorce and out-of-wedlock births are increasing in the Hispanic population, resulting in a growing proportion of all Hispanic children living in families headed by single females. 0 in 2002. One last problem is that many of the poorest Hispanics may be recent immigrants with little formal education and struggling with language barriers. Summary Children are the major victims of American poverty. 1). Only one group of American children has a fairly low rate of poverty— white non-Hispanic children who live in married-couple families.