By P. L. Selfe (auth.)
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Additional resources for Advanced Sociology
Use of letters; diaries; interviews. longitudinal Astudy is conducted and the sample re-interviawad at different periods of time to see what changes have occurred in the group. Questionnaires; interviews (observation less likely since sample is large). Davie, Butler and Goldstein (From Birth to Seven) Douglas (The Home and the Schoon Newson (Patterns of Infant Care) The researcher is involved in the lives of those being studied, either openly, or covertly. The observer is in the group but detached from it emotionally.
Weberian Functionalist Marxist UberallWeberian Social justice: In every society there must be a hierarchy of power. Those at the top are the most privileged and they are responsible for the dispensation of social justice by being responsible for the welfare of those below them. Members of every social stratum have a function to fulfil. This hierarchical arrangement of power is recognised as legitimate so long as power-holders are seen to exercise their responsibilities for the welfare of others in some clear way.
Thompson comments that this was, for Durkheim, 'the core of sociological methodology' . ITHE EXPERIMENTAL (LABORATORY) METHOD 1 The experiment is an operation in a controlled situation in which the researcher tries to discover the effects produced by introducing one new variable into an experimental group and not into an otherwise identical control group. If the behaviour of the experimental group changes and that of the control does not, then the change can be attributed to the introduction of the new variable.