By Nicholas Eberstadt
In A country of Takers: America’s Entitlement Epidemic, considered one of our country’s optimal demographers, Nicholas Eberstadt, information the exponential progress in entitlement spending over the last fifty years. As he notes, in 1960, entitlement funds accounted for good lower than a 3rd of the federal government’s overall outlays. at the present time, entitlement spending money owed for a whole two-thirds of the federal price range. Drawing on a magnificent array of information and making use of a variety of effortless- to- learn, 4 colour charts, Eberstadt indicates the unchecked spiral of spending on more than a few entitlements, everything from medicare to incapacity funds. But Eberstadt doesn't simply chart the remarkable development of entitlement spending, he additionally information the big fiscal and cultural charges of this epidemic. He powerfully argues that whereas this spending definitely drains our federal coffers, it additionally has a really real,long-lasting, unfavorable influence at the personality of our citizens. Also integrated within the e-book is a reaction from certainly one of our prime political theorists, William Galston. In his incisive response, he questions Eberstadt’s conclusions in regards to the corrosive impression of entitlements on personality and gives his personal research of the effect of yankee entitlement growth.
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Additional resources for A Nation of Takers: America's Entitlement Epidemic
Except in Poland, households consisting only of elderly have the highest poverty incidence and poverty gap. We return to this later when discussing the age dimension of poverty. 3. 8 Note: 11 The poverty gap is the poor's average shortfall in expenditures from the poverty line, expressed as a percentage ofthe poverty line (this measure is also known as the expenditure gap ratio). Source: Household Expenditure and Income Data for Transition Economies data set (HEIDE). Labor Force Participation It is not surprising that labor force status is strongly correlated with poverty outcomes in Eastern Europe.
As a result, poverty in Eastern Europe has become much more like poverty in Western Europe-highly correlated with the situation in the formal labor market and the skills of individuals. As the poverty profiles below indicate, in the FSU poverty is not weil correlated with the nature of labor market participation of household members, but neither is it weil correlated with the lack of formal labor market ties. BasicaHy, in the FSU, poverty is more pervasive than in Eastern Europe and not as weH defined.
However, during the reference period for their 32 POVERTY AND SOCIAL ASSISTANCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES work (1991 and earlier) the FSU had not broken up, nor had there been the sharp changes in the macroeconomic environment associated with the dissolution of the FSU, so it is not surprising that the earlier time period and the use of official data led Atkinson and Micklewright (1992) to conclude that overall, FSU poverty was not as severe as in many East European countries and that, further, poverty within the FSU was highly heterogeneous (see also Braithwaite, 1991).